HTML Character Codes

The following tables define HTML character codes, many of which are handy for web programming. (And some are just curiosities.)

The first tables are organized into subject areas, and the last table lists all characters and symbols by their numerical code.

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HTML CODES:

HTML Character Codes Organized By Subject

TABLES:

NOTES:

[1] Supported in XML/XHTML only.

[2] HTML 4.01 supports the ISO 8859-1 (Latin-1) character set.

[3] Column entries are as invoked by HTML Numeric Character Reference (NCR) — find out what your browser supports!

[4] HTML decimal Numeric Character Reference (for hexadecimal, use &#xhh).

[5] Control characters are not appropriate for use in HTML code.

[6] Character codes from 127 to 159 are not defined by HTML standards and should not be used; instead, use alternative entities with standard HTML codes.

[7] Delimiters > < added to show nonprinting characters/widths.

[8] Column entries are acronyms for control characters (best not to invoke on HTML pages!).

ASCII Characters (7 Bit)

Symbol [3] Description Entity Code [4]
> < [7] space   &#32;
! exclamation point   &#33;
" quotation mark / double quotes &quot; &#34;
# number sign / octothorpe   &#35;
$ dollars   &#36;
% percent   &#37;
& ampersand &amp; &#38;
' apostrophe / single quote &apos; [1] &#39;
( left parenthesis / opening parenthesis   &#40;
) right parenthesis / closing parenthesis   &#41;
* asterisk   &#42;
+ plus sign   &#43;
, comma   &#44;
- minus sign / hyphen   &#45;
. period   &#46;
/ slash / forward slash / virgule / bar   &#47;
0 digit 0   &#48;
1 digit 1   &#49;
2 digit 2   &#50;
3 digit 3   &#51;
4 digit 4   &#52;
5 digit 5   &#53;
6 digit 6   &#54;
7 digit 7   &#55;
8 digit 8   &#56;
9 digit 9   &#57;
: colon   &#58;
; semicolon   &#59;
< less than &lt; &#60;
= equals   &#61;
> greater than &gt; &#62;
? question mark   &#63;
@ at sign   &#64;
A uppercase A   &#65;
B uppercase B   &#66;
C uppercase C   &#67;
D uppercase D   &#68;
E uppercase E   &#69;
F uppercase F   &#70;
G uppercase G   &#71;
H uppercase H   &#72;
I uppercase I   &#73;
J uppercase J   &#74;
K uppercase K   &#75;
L uppercase L   &#76;
M uppercase M   &#77;
N uppercase N   &#78;
O uppercase O   &#79;
P uppercase P   &#80;
Q uppercase Q   &#81;
R uppercase R   &#82;
S uppercase S   &#83;
T uppercase T   &#84;
U uppercase U   &#85;
V uppercase V   &#86;
W uppercase W   &#87;
X uppercase X   &#88;
Y uppercase Y   &#89;
Z uppercase Z   &#90;
[ left square bracket / opening bracket   &#91;
\ backslash   &#92;
] right square bracket / closing bracket   &#93;
^ caret   &#94;
_ underscore   &#95;
` grave accent   &#96;
a lowercase a   &#97;
b lowercase b   &#98;
c lowercase c   &#99;
d lowercase d   &#100;
e lowercase e   &#101;
f lowercase f   &#102;
g lowercase g   &#103;
h lowercase h   &#104;
i lowercase i   &#105;
j lowercase j   &#106;
k lowercase k   &#107;
l lowercase l   &#108;
m lowercase m   &#109;
n lowercase n   &#110;
o lowercase o   &#111;
p lowercase p   &#112;
q lowercase q   &#113;
r lowercase r   &#114;
s lowercase s   &#115;
t lowercase t   &#116;
u lowercase u   &#117;
v lowercase v   &#118;
w lowercase w   &#119;
x lowercase x   &#120;
y lowercase y   &#121;
z lowercase z   &#122;
{ left curly brace / opening brace   &#123;
| vertical bar   &#124;
} right curly brace / closing brace   &#125;
~ tilde / equivalency   &#126;

Latin-1 (ISO 8859-1) Symbols [2]

Symbol [3] Description Entity Code [4]
> < [7] nonbreaking space &nbsp; &#160;
¡ inverted exclamation point &iexcl; &#161;
¢ cents &cent; &#162;
£ pounds (currency) &pound; &#163;
¤ currency &curren; &#164;
¥ Yen &yen; &#165;
¦ broken vertical bar &brvbar; &#166;
§ section &sect; &#167;
¨ umlaut / diaeresis &uml; &#168;
© copyright &copy; &#169;
ª feminine ordinal indicator &ordf; &#170;
« left angle quotation / opening double angle quote &laquo; &#171;
¬ negation / logical NOT &not; &#172;
>­< [7] soft hyphen &shy; &#173;
® registered trademark &reg; &#174;
¯ macron &macr; &#175;
° degrees &deg; &#176;
± plus or minus  &plusmn; &#177;
² superscript 2 &sup2; &#178;
³ superscript 3 &sup3; &#179;
´ acute accent &acute; &#180;
µ micro / micron / Greek mu &micro; &#181;
paragraph &para; &#182;
· middle dot &middot; &#183;
¸ cedilla &cedil; &#184;
¹ superscript 1 &sup1; &#185;
º masculine ordinal indicator &ordm; &#186;
» right angle quotation / closing double angle quote &raquo; &#187;
¼ fraction one-quarter &frac14; &#188;
½ fraction one-half &frac12; &#189;
¾ fraction three-quarters &frac34; &#190;
¿ inverted question mark &iquest; &#191;
× multiplication &times; &#215;
÷ division &divide; &#247;
trademark &trade; &#8482;

Latin-1 (ISO 8859-1) Characters [2]

Symbol [3] Description Entity Code [4]
À uppercase A with grave accent &Agrave; &#192;
Á uppercase A with acute accent &Aacute; &#193;
 uppercase A with circumflex &Acirc; &#194;
à uppercase A with tilde &Atilde; &#195;
Ä uppercase A with umlaut &Auml; &#196;
Å uppercase A, ring &Aring; &#197;
Æ uppercase AE ligature &AElig; &#198;
Ç uppercase C, cedilla &Ccedil; &#199;
È uppercase E with grave accent &Egrave; &#200;
É uppercase E with acute accent &Eacute; &#201;
Ê uppercase E with circumflex &Ecirc; &#202;
Ë uppercase E with umlaut &Euml; &#203;
Ì uppercase I with grave accent &Igrave; &#204;
Í uppercase I with acute accent &Iacute; &#205;
Î uppercase I with circumflex &Icirc; &#206;
Ï uppercase I with umlaut &Iuml; &#207;
Ð uppercase eth, Icelandic &ETH; &#208;
Ñ uppercase N with tilde &Ntilde; &#209;
Ò uppercase O with grave accent &Ograve; &#210;
Ó uppercase O with acute accent &Oacute; &#211;
Ô uppercase O with circumflex &Ocirc; &#212;
Õ uppercase O with tilde &Otilde; &#213;
Ö uppercase O with umlaut &Ouml; &#214;
Ø uppercase O, slash &Oslash; &#216;
Ù uppercase U with grave accent &Ugrave; &#217;
Ú uppercase U with acute accent &Uacute; &#218;
Û uppercase U with circumflex &Ucirc; &#219;
Ü uppercase U with umlaut &Uuml; &#220;
Ý uppercase Y with acute accent &Yacute; &#221;
Þ uppercase thorn, Icelandic &THORN; &#222;
ß lowercase sz ligature (sharp s), German &szlig; &#223;
à lowercase a with grave accent &agrave; &#224;
á lowercase a with acute accent &aacute; &#225;
â lowercase a with circumflex &acirc; &#226;
ã lowercase a with tilde &atilde; &#227;
ä lowercase a with umlaut &auml; &#228;
å lowercase a, ring &aring; &#229;
æ lowercase ae ligature &aelig; &#230;
ç lowercase c, cedilla &ccedil; &#231;
è lowercase e with grave accent &egrave; &#232;
é lowercase e with acute accent &eacute; &#233;
ê lowercase e with circumflex &ecirc; &#234;
ë lowercase e with umlaut &euml; &#235;
ì lowercase i with grave accent &igrave; &#236;
í lowercase i with acute accent &iacute; &#237;
î lowercase i with circumflex &icirc; &#238;
ï lowercase i with umlaut &iuml; &#239;
ð lowercase eth, Icelandic &eth; &#240;
ñ lowercase n with tilde &ntilde; &#241;
ò lowercase o with grave accent &ograve; &#242;
ó lowercase o with acute accent &oacute; &#243;
ô lowercase o with circumflex &ocirc; &#244;
õ lowercase o with tilde &otilde; &#245;
ö lowercase o with umlaut &ouml; &#246;
ø lowercase o, slash &oslash; &#248;
ù lowercase u with grave accent &ugrave; &#249;
ú lowercase u with acute accent &uacute; &#250;
û lowercase u with circumflex &ucirc; &#251;
ü lowercase u with umlaut &uuml; &#252;
ý lowercase y with acute accent &yacute; &#253;
þ lowercase thorn, Icelandic &thorn; &#254;
ÿ lowercase y with umlaut &yuml; &#255;

Latin Extended-A/B Characters

Symbol [3] Description Entity Code [4]
Extended-A
Πuppercase OE ligature &OElig; &#338;
œ lowercase oe ligature &oelig; &#339;
Š uppercase S with caron &Scaron; &#352;
š lowercase S with caron &scaron; &#353;
Ÿ uppercase Y with umlaut &Yuml; &#376;
Extended-B
ƒ lowercase f with hook &fnof; &#402;

Greek Letters

Symbol [3] Description Entity Code [4]
Α uppercase alpha &Alpha; &#913;
Β uppercase beta &Beta; &#914;
Γ uppercase gamma &Gamma; &#915;
Δ uppercase delta &Delta; &#916;
Ε uppercase epsilon &Epsilon; &#917;
Ζ uppercase zeta &Zeta; &#918;
Η uppercase eta &Eta; &#919;
Θ uppercase theta &Theta; &#920;
Ι uppercase iota &Iota; &#921;
Κ uppercase kappa &Kappa; &#922;
Λ uppercase lambda &Lambda; &#923;
Μ uppercase mu &Mu; &#924;
Ν uppercase nu &Nu; &#925;
Ξ uppercase xi &Xi; &#926;
Ο uppercase omicron &Omicron; &#927;
Π uppercase pi &Pi; &#928;
Ρ uppercase rho &Rho; &#929;
Σ uppercase sigma &Sigma; &#931;
Τ uppercase tau &Tau; &#932;
Υ uppercase upsilon &Upsilon; &#933;
Φ uppercase phi &Phi; &#934;
Χ uppercase chi &Chi; &#935;
Ψ uppercase psi &Psi; &#936;
Ω uppercase omega &Omega; &#937;
α lowercase alpha &alpha; &#945;
β lowercase beta &beta; &#946;
γ lowercase gamma &gamma; &#947;
δ lowercase delta &delta; &#948;
ε lowercase epsilon &epsilon; &#949;
ζ lowercase zeta &zeta; &#950;
η lowercase eta &eta; &#951;
θ lowercase theta &theta; &#952;
ι lowercase iota &iota; &#953;
κ lowercase kappa &kappa; &#954;
λ lowercase lambda &lambda; &#955;
μ lowercase mu &mu; &#956;
ν lowercase nu &nu; &#957;
ξ lowercase xi &xi; &#958;
ο lowercase omicron &omicron; &#959;
π lowercase pi &pi; &#960;
ρ lowercase rho &rho; &#961;
ς lowercase final sigma &sigmaf; &#962;
σ lowercase sigma &sigma; &#963;
τ lowercase tau &tau; &#964;
υ lowercase upsilon &upsilon; &#965;
φ lowercase phi &phi; &#966;
χ lowercase chi &chi; &#967;
ψ lowercase psi &psi; &#968;
ω lowercase omega &omega; &#969;
ϑ lowercase theta symbol &thetasym; &#977;
ϒ upsilon with hook &upsih; &#978;
ϖ pi variant (omega pi) &piv; &#982;

Punctuation Symbols

Symbol [3] Description Entity Code [4]
> < [7] en space &ensp; &#8194;
> < [7] em space &emsp; &#8195;
> < [7] thin space &thinsp; &#8201;
>‌< [7] zero width nonjoiner (nonprinting) &zwnj; &#8204;
>‍< [7] zero width joiner (nonprinting) &zwj; &#8205;
>‎< [7] left-to-right mark (nonprinting) &lrm; &#8206;
[7] >‏< right-to-left mark (nonprinting) &rlm; &#8207;
en dash &ndash; &#8211;
em dash &mdash; &#8212;
left single quotation / opening single quote &lsquo; &#8216;
right single quotation / closing single quote / apostrophe &rsquo; &#8217;
single low-9 quotation mark &sbquo; &#8218;
left double quotation / opening double quote &ldquo; &#8220;
right double quotation / closing double quote &rdquo; &#8221;
double low-9 quotation &bdquo; &#8222;
dagger &dagger; &#8224;
double dagger &Dagger; &#8225;
bullet &bull; &#8226;
horizontal ellipsis &hellip; &#8230;
per mille (per thousand) &permil; &#8240;
prime / minutes / feet &prime; &#8242;
double prime / seconds / inches &Prime; &#8243;
single left angle quotation (nonstandard) &lsaquo; &#8249;
single right angle quotation (nonstandard) &rsaquo; &#8250;
overline &oline; &#8254;
fraction slash &frasl; &#8260;
Euros &euro; &#8364;

Arrow Symbols

Symbol [3] Description Entity Code [4]
left arrow &larr; &#8592;
up arrow &uarr; &#8593;
right arrow &rarr; &#8594;
down arrow &darr; &#8595;
left-right arrow &harr; &#8596;
down arrow with corner leftward &lArr; &#8629;
left double arrow &lArr; &#8656;
upward double arrow &uArr; &#8657;
right double arrow &rArr; &#8658;
downward double arrow &dArr; &#8659;
left-right double arrow &hArr; &#8660;

Mathematical Symbols

Symbol [3] Description Entity Code [4]
for all &forall; &#8704;
partial differential &part; &#8706;
there exists &exist; &#8707;
empty set / null set / diameter &empty; &#8709;
nabla / backward difference &nabla; &#8711;
element of &is in; &#8712;
not an element of &not in; &#8713;
contains as a member &ni; &#8715;
n-ary product / product &prod; &#8719;
n-ary summation &sum; &#8721;
minus &minus; &#8722;
asterisk operator &lowast; &#8727;
square root / radical &radic; &#8730;
proportional to &prop; &#8733;
infinity &infin; &#8734;
angle &ang; &#8736;
logical AND / wedge &and; &#8743;
logical OR / vee &or; &#8744;
intersection / cap &cap; &#8745;
union / cup &cup; &#8746;
integral &int; &#8747;
therefore &there4; &#8756;
tilde operator / varies with / similar to &sim; &#8764;
approximately equal to &cong; &#8773;
almost equal to / asymptotic to &ap; &#8776;
not equal to &ne; &#8800;
identical to &equiv; &#8801;
less than or equal to &le; &#8804;
greater than or equal to &ge; &#8805;
subset of &sub; &#8834;
superset of &sup; &#8835;
not a subset of &nsub; &#8836;
subset of or equal to &sube; &#8838;
superset of or equal to &supe; &#8839;
circled plus / direct sum &oplus; &#8853;
circled times / vector product &otimes; &#8855;
up tack / orthogonal to / perpendicular to &perp; &#8869;
dot operator &sdot; &#8901;

Miscellaneous Symbols

Symbol [3] Description Entity Code [4]
SPACING MODIFIERS
ˆ circumflex &circ; &#710;
˜ tilde &tilde; &#732;
LETTER-LIKE SYMBOLS
Blackletter uppercase I / imaginary part &image; &#8465;
script uppercase P / power set &weierp; &#8472;
Blackletter uppercase R / real part &real; &#8476;
Alef symbol / first transfinite cardinal &alefsym; &#8501;
TECHNICAL SYMBOLS
left ceiling &lceil; &#8968;
right ceiling &rceil; &#8969;
left floor &lfloor; &#8970;
right floor &rfloor; &#8971;
left-pointing angle bracket &lang; &#9001;
right-pointing angle bracket &rang; &#9002;
GEOMETRIC SHAPE SYMBOL
lozenge &loz; &#9674;
CARD SUIT SYMBOLS
spade card suit &spades; &#9824;
club card suit &clubs; &#9827;
heart card suit &hearts; &#9829;
diamond card suit &diams; &#9830;

ASCII Control Characters (7 Bit) [5]

Symbol [8] Description Entity Code [4]
NUL null character   &#00;
SOH start of header   &#01;
STX start of text   &#02;
ETX end of text   &#03;
EOT end of transmission   &#04;
ENQ enquiry   &#05;
ACK acknowledge   &#06;
BEL bell / ring   &#07;
BS backspace   &#08;
HT horizontal tab   &#09;
LF line feed   &#10;
VT vertical tab   &#11;
FF form feed   &#12;
CR carriage return   &#13;
SO shift out   &#14;
SI shift in   &#15;
DLE data link escape   &#16;
DC1 device control 1   &#17;
DC2 device control 2   &#18;
DC3 device control 3   &#19;
DC4 device control 4   &#20;
NAK negative acknowledge   &#21;
SYN synchronize   &#22;
ETB end transmission block   &#23;
CAN cancel   &#24;
EM end of medium   &#25;
SUB substitute   &#26;
ESC escape   &#27;
FS file separator   &#28;
GS group separator   &#29;
RS record separator   &#30;
US unit separator   &#31;
DEL delete / rubout   &#127;

NOT Defined in HTML Standards [6]

Symbol [3] Description Entity Code [4]
 undefined (DEL / rubout)   &#127;
undefined   &#128;
 undefined   &#129;
undefined (low 9 quote)   &#130;
ƒ undefined (lowercase f with hook)   &#131;
undefined (low 9 double quotes)   &#132;
undefined (ellipsis)   &#133;
undefined (dagger)   &#134;
undefined (double dagger)   &#135;
ˆ undefined (circumflex)   &#136;
undefined (per mille)   &#137;
Š undefined (uppercase S with caron)   &#138;
undefined (opening angle quote)   &#139;
Œ undefined (uppercase OE ligature)   &#140;
 undefined (uppercase Y with umlaut)   &#141;
Ž undefined (uppercase Z with caron)   &#142;
 undefined   &#143;
 undefined   &#144;
undefined (left single quote)   &#145;
undefined (right single quote)   &#146;
undefined (left double quote)   &#147;
undefined (right double quote)   &#148;
undefined (bullet)   &#149;
undefined (en dash)   &#150;
undefined (em dash)   &#151;
˜ undefined (tilde)   &#152;
undefined (trademark)   &#153;
š undefined (lowercase s with caron)   &#154;
undefined (closing angle quote)   &#155;
œ undefined (lowercase oe ligature)   &#156;
 undefined   &#157;
ž undefined   &#158;
Ÿ undefined (uppercase Y with umlaut)   &#159;

HTML Character Codes Ordered By Code

Symbol [3] Description Entity Code [4]
NUL null character   &#00;
SOH start of header   &#01;
STX start of text   &#02;
ETX end of text   &#03;
EOT end of transmission   &#04;
ENQ enquiry   &#05;
ACK acknowledge   &#06;
BEL bell (ring)   &#07;
BS backspace   &#08;
HT horizontal tab   &#09;
LF line feed   &#10;
VT vertical tab   &#11;
FF form feed   &#12;
CR carriage return   &#13;
SO shift out   &#14;
SI shift in   &#15;
DLE data link escape   &#16;
DC1 device control 1   &#17;
DC2 device control 2   &#18;
DC3 device control 3   &#19;
DC4 device control 4   &#20;
NAK negative acknowledge   &#21;
SYN synchronize   &#22;
ETB end transmission block   &#23;
CAN cancel   &#24;
EM end of medium   &#25;
SUB substitute   &#26;
ESC escape   &#27;
FS file separator   &#28;
GS group separator   &#29;
RS record separator   &#30;
US unit separator   &#31;
> < [7] space   &#32;
! exclamation point   &#33;
" quotation mark / double quotes &quot; &#34;
# number sign / octothorpe   &#35;
$ dollars   &#36;
% percent   &#37;
& ampersand &amp; &#38;
' apostrophe (single quote) &apos; [1] &#39;
( left parenthesis / opening parenthesis   &#40;
) right parenthesis / closing parenthesis   &#41;
* asterisk   &#42;
+ plus sign   &#43;
, comma   &#44;
- minus sign / hyphen   &#45;
. period   &#46;
/ slash (forward) / virgule / bar   &#47;
0 digit 0   &#48;
1 digit 1   &#49;
2 digit 2   &#50;
3 digit 3   &#51;
4 digit 4   &#52;
5 digit 5   &#53;
6 digit 6   &#54;
7 digit 7   &#55;
8 digit 8   &#56;
9 digit 9   &#57;
: colon   &#58;
; semicolon   &#59;
< less than &lt; &#60;
= equals   &#61;
> greater than &gt; &#62;
? question mark   &#63;
@ at sign   &#64;
A uppercase A   &#65;
B uppercase B   &#66;
C uppercase C   &#67;
D uppercase D   &#68;
E uppercase E   &#69;
F uppercase F   &#70;
G uppercase G   &#71;
H uppercase H   &#72;
I uppercase I   &#73;
J uppercase J   &#74;
K uppercase K   &#75;
L uppercase L   &#76;
M uppercase M   &#77;
N uppercase N   &#78;
O uppercase O   &#79;
P uppercase P   &#80;
Q uppercase Q   &#81;
R uppercase R   &#82;
S uppercase S   &#83;
T uppercase T   &#84;
U uppercase U   &#85;
V uppercase V   &#86;
W uppercase W   &#87;
X uppercase X   &#88;
Y uppercase Y   &#89;
Z uppercase Z   &#90;
[ left square bracket / opening bracket   &#91;
\ backslash   &#92;
] right square bracket / closing bracket   &#93;
^ caret   &#94;
_ underscore   &#95;
` grave accent   &#96;
a lowercase a   &#97;
b lowercase b   &#98;
c lowercase c   &#99;
d lowercase d   &#100;
e lowercase e   &#101;
f lowercase f   &#102;
g lowercase g   &#103;
h lowercase h   &#104;
i lowercase i   &#105;
j lowercase j   &#106;
k lowercase k   &#107;
l lowercase l   &#108;
m lowercase m   &#109;
n lowercase n   &#110;
o lowercase o   &#111;
p lowercase p   &#112;
q lowercase q   &#113;
r lowercase r   &#114;
s lowercase s   &#115;
t lowercase t   &#116;
u lowercase u   &#117;
v lowercase v   &#118;
w lowercase w   &#119;
x lowercase x   &#120;
y lowercase y   &#121;
z lowercase z   &#122;
{ left curly brace / opening brace   &#123;
| vertical bar   &#124;
} right curly brace / closing brace   &#125;
~ tilde / equivalency   &#126;
DEL undefined (delete / rubout)   &#127;
undefined   &#128;
 undefined   &#129;
undefined (low 9 quote)   &#130;
ƒ undefined (lowercase f with hook)   &#131;
undefined (low 9 double quotes)   &#132;
undefined (ellipsis)   &#133;
undefined (dagger)   &#134;
undefined (double dagger)   &#135;
ˆ undefined (circumflex)   &#136;
undefined (per mille)   &#137;
Š undefined (uppercase S with caron)   &#138;
undefined (opening angle quote)   &#139;
Œ undefined (uppercase OE ligature)   &#140;
 undefined (uppercase Y with umlaut)   &#141;
Ž undefined (uppercase Z with caron)   &#142;
 undefined   &#143;
 undefined   &#144;
undefined (left single quote)   &#145;
undefined (right single quote)   &#146;
undefined (left double quote)   &#147;
undefined (right double quote)   &#148;
undefined (bullet)   &#149;
undefined (en dash)   &#150;
undefined (em dash)   &#151;
˜ undefined (tilde)   &#152;
undefined (trademark)   &#153;
š undefined (lowercase s with caron)   &#154;
undefined (closing angle quote)   &#155;
œ undefined (lowercase oe ligature)   &#156;
 undefined   &#157;
ž undefined   &#158;
Ÿ undefined (uppercase Y with umlaut)   &#159;
> < [7] nonbreaking space &nbsp; &#160;
¡ inverted exclamation point &iexcl; &#161;
¢ cents &cent; &#162;
£ pounds (currency) &pound; &#163;
¤ currency &curren; &#164;
¥ Yen &yen; &#165;
¦ broken vertical bar &brvbar; &#166;
§ section &sect; &#167;
¨ umlaut (diaeresis) &uml; &#168;
© copyright &copy; &#169;
ª feminine ordinal indicator &ordf; &#170;
« left angle quotation / opening double angle quote &laquo; &#171;
¬ negation / logical NOT &not; &#172;
>­< [7] soft hyphen &shy; &#173;
® registered trademark &reg; &#174;
¯ macron &macr; &#175;
° degrees &deg; &#176;
± plus or minus  &plusmn; &#177;
² superscript 2 &sup2; &#178;
³ superscript 3 &sup3; &#179;
´ acute accent &acute; &#180;
µ micro / micron / Greek mu &micro; &#181;
paragraph &para; &#182;
· middle dot &middot; &#183;
¸ cedilla &cedil; &#184;
¹ superscript 1 &sup1; &#185;
º masculine ordinal indicator &ordm; &#186;
» right angle quotation / closing double angle quote &raquo; &#187;
¼ fraction one-quarter &frac14; &#188;
½ fraction one-half &frac12; &#189;
¾ fraction three-quarters &frac34; &#190;
¿ inverted question mark &iquest; &#191;
À uppercase A with grave accent &Agrave; &#192;
Á uppercase A with acute accent &Aacute; &#193;
 uppercase A with circumflex &Acirc; &#194;
à uppercase A with tilde &Atilde; &#195;
Ä uppercase A with umlaut &Auml; &#196;
Å uppercase A, ring &Aring; &#197;
Æ uppercase AE ligature &AElig; &#198;
Ç uppercase C, cedilla &Ccedil; &#199;
È uppercase E with grave accent &Egrave; &#200;
É uppercase E with acute accent &Eacute; &#201;
Ê uppercase E with circumflex &Ecirc; &#202;
Ë uppercase E with umlaut &Euml; &#203;
Ì uppercase I with grave accent &Igrave; &#204;
Í uppercase I with acute accent &Iacute; &#205;
Î uppercase I with circumflex &Icirc; &#206;
Ï uppercase I with umlaut &Iuml; &#207;
Ð uppercase eth, Icelandic &ETH; &#208;
Ñ uppercase N with tilde &Ntilde; &#209;
Ò uppercase O with grave accent &Ograve; &#210;
Ó uppercase O with acute accent &Oacute; &#211;
Ô uppercase O with circumflex &Ocirc; &#212;
Õ uppercase O with tilde &Otilde; &#213;
Ö uppercase O with umlaut &Ouml; &#214;
× multiplication &times; &#215;
Ø uppercase O, slash &Oslash; &#216;
Ù uppercase U with grave accent &Ugrave; &#217;
Ú uppercase U with acute accent &Uacute; &#218;
Û uppercase U with circumflex &Ucirc; &#219;
Ü uppercase U with umlaut &Uuml; &#220;
Ý uppercase Y with acute accent &Yacute; &#221;
Þ uppercase thorn, Icelandic &THORN; &#222;
ß lowercase sz ligature (sharp s), German &szlig; &#223;
à lowercase a with grave accent &agrave; &#224;
á lowercase a with acute accent &aacute; &#225;
â lowercase a with circumflex &acirc; &#226;
ã lowercase a with tilde &atilde; &#227;
ä lowercase a with umlaut &auml; &#228;
å lowercase a, ring &aring; &#229;
æ lowercase ae ligature &aelig; &#230;
ç lowercase c, cedilla &ccedil; &#231;
è lowercase e with grave accent &egrave; &#232;
é lowercase e with acute accent &eacute; &#233;
ê lowercase e with circumflex &ecirc; &#234;
ë lowercase e with umlaut &euml; &#235;
ì lowercase i with grave accent &igrave; &#236;
í lowercase i with acute accent &iacute; &#237;
î lowercase i with circumflex &icirc; &#238;
ï lowercase i with umlaut &iuml; &#239;
ð lowercase eth, Icelandic &eth; &#240;
ñ lowercase n with tilde &ntilde; &#241;
ò lowercase o with grave accent &ograve; &#242;
ó lowercase o with acute accent &oacute; &#243;
ô lowercase o with circumflex &ocirc; &#244;
õ lowercase o with tilde &otilde; &#245;
ö lowercase o with umlaut &ouml; &#246;
÷ division &divide; &#247;
ø lowercase o, slash &oslash; &#248;
ù lowercase u with grave accent &ugrave; &#249;
ú lowercase u with acute accent &uacute; &#250;
û lowercase u with circumflex &ucirc; &#251;
ü lowercase u with umlaut &uuml; &#252;
ý lowercase y with acute accent &yacute; &#253;
þ lowercase thorn, Icelandic &thorn; &#254;
ÿ lowercase y with umlaut &yuml; &#255;
Πuppercase OE ligature &OElig; &#338;
œ lowercase oe ligature &oelig; &#339;
Š uppercase S with caron &Scaron; &#352;
š lowercase S with caron &scaron; &#353;
Ÿ uppercase Y with umlaut &Yuml; &#376;
ƒ lowercase f with hook &fnof; &#402;
ˆ circumflex &circ; &#710;
˜ tilde &tilde; &#732;
Α uppercase alpha &Alpha; &#913;
Β uppercase beta &Beta; &#914;
Γ uppercase gamma &Gamma; &#915;
Δ uppercase delta &Delta; &#916;
Ε uppercase epsilon &Epsilon; &#917;
Ζ uppercase zeta &Zeta; &#918;
Η uppercase eta &Eta; &#919;
Θ uppercase theta &Theta; &#920;
Ι uppercase iota &Iota; &#921;
Κ uppercase kappa &Kappa; &#922;
Λ uppercase lambda &Lambda; &#923;
Μ uppercase mu &Mu; &#924;
Ν uppercase nu &Nu; &#925;
Ξ uppercase xi &Xi; &#926;
Ο uppercase omicron &Omicron; &#927;
Π uppercase pi &Pi; &#928;
Ρ uppercase rho &Rho; &#929;
Σ uppercase sigma &Sigma; &#931;
Τ uppercase tau &Tau; &#932;
Υ uppercase upsilon &Upsilon; &#933;
Φ uppercase phi &Phi; &#934;
Χ uppercase chi &Chi; &#935;
Ψ uppercase psi &Psi; &#936;
Ω uppercase omega &Omega; &#937;
α lowercase alpha &alpha; &#945;
β lowercase beta &beta; &#946;
γ lowercase gamma &gamma; &#947;
δ lowercase delta &delta; &#948;
ε lowercase epsilon &epsilon; &#949;
ζ lowercase zeta &zeta; &#950;
η lowercase eta &eta; &#951;
θ lowercase theta &theta; &#952;
ι lowercase iota &iota; &#953;
κ lowercase kappa &kappa; &#954;
λ lowercase lambda &lambda; &#955;
μ lowercase mu &mu; &#956;
ν lowercase nu &nu; &#957;
ξ lowercase xi &xi; &#958;
ο lowercase omicron &omicron; &#959;
π lowercase pi &pi; &#960;
ρ lowercase rho &rho; &#961;
ς lowercase final sigma &sigmaf; &#962;
σ lowercase sigma &sigma; &#963;
τ lowercase tau &tau; &#964;
υ lowercase upsilon &upsilon; &#965;
φ lowercase phi &phi; &#966;
χ lowercase chi &chi; &#967;
ψ lowercase psi &psi; &#968;
ω lowercase omega &omega; &#969;
ϑ lowercase theta symbol &thetasym; &#977;
ϒ upsilon with hook &upsih; &#978;
ϖ pi variant (omega pi) &piv; &#982;
> < [7] en space &ensp; &#8194;
> < [7] em space &emsp; &#8195;
> < [7] thin space &thinsp; &#8201;
>‌< [7] zero width nonjoiner (nonprinting) &zwnj; &#8204;
>‍< [7] zero width joiner (nonprinting) &zwj; &#8205;
>‎< [7] left-to-right mark (nonprinting) &lrm; &#8206;
[7] >‏< right-to-left mark (nonprinting) &rlm; &#8207;
en dash &ndash; &#8211;
em dash &mdash; &#8212;
left single quotation / opening single quote &lsquo; &#8216;
right single quotation / closing single quote / apostrophe &rsquo; &#8217;
single low-9 quotation mark &sbquo; &#8218;
left double quotation / opening double quote &ldquo; &#8220;
right double quotation / closing double quote &rdquo; &#8221;
double low-9 quotation &bdquo; &#8222;
dagger &dagger; &#8224;
double dagger &Dagger; &#8225;
bullet &bull; &#8226;
horizontal ellipsis &hellip; &#8230;
per mille (per thousand) &permil; &#8240;
prime / minutes / feet &prime; &#8242;
double prime / seconds / inches &Prime; &#8243;
single left angle quotation (nonstandard) &lsaquo; &#8249;
single right angle quotation (nonstandard) &rsaquo; &#8250;
overline &oline; &#8254;
fraction slash &frasl; &#8260;
Euros &euro; &#8364;
Blackletter uppercase I / imaginary part &image; &#8465;
script uppercase P / power set &weierp; &#8472;
Blackletter uppercase R / real part &real; &#8476;
trademark &trade; &#8482;
Alef symbol / first transfinite cardinal &alefsym; &#8501;
left arrow &larr; &#8592;
up arrow &uarr; &#8593;
right arrow &rarr; &#8594;
down arrow &darr; &#8595;
left-right arrow &harr; &#8596;
down arrow with corner leftward &lArr; &#8629;
left double arrow &lArr; &#8656;
upward double arrow &uArr; &#8657;
right double arrow &rArr; &#8658;
downward double arrow &dArr; &#8659;
left-right double arrow &hArr; &#8660;
for all &forall; &#8704;
partial differential &part; &#8706;
there exists &exist; &#8707;
empty set / null set / diameter &empty; &#8709;
nabla / backward difference &nabla; &#8711;
element of &is in; &#8712;
not an element of &not in; &#8713;
contains as a member &ni; &#8715;
n-ary product / product &prod; &#8719;
n-ary summation &sum; &#8721;
minus &minus; &#8722;
asterisk operator &lowast; &#8727;
square root / radical &radic; &#8730;
proportional to &prop; &#8733;
infinity &infin; &#8734;
angle &ang; &#8736;
logical AND / wedge &and; &#8743;
logical OR / vee &or; &#8744;
intersection / cap &cap; &#8745;
union / cup &cup; &#8746;
integral &int; &#8747;
therefore &there4; &#8756;
tilde operator / varies with / similar to &sim; &#8764;
approximately equal to &cong; &#8773;
almost equal to / asymptotic to &ap; &#8776;
not equal to &ne; &#8800;
identical to &equiv; &#8801;
less than or equal to &le; &#8804;
greater than or equal to &ge; &#8805;
subset of &sub; &#8834;
superset of &sup; &#8835;
not a subset of &nsub; &#8836;
subset of or equal to &sube; &#8838;
superset of or equal to &supe; &#8839;
circled plus / direct sum &oplus; &#8853;
circled times / vector product &otimes; &#8855;
up tack / orthogonal to / perpendicular to &perp; &#8869;
dot operator &sdot; &#8901;
left ceiling &lceil; &#8968;
right ceiling &rceil; &#8969;
left floor &lfloor; &#8970;
right floor &rfloor; &#8971;
left-pointing angle bracket &lang; &#9001;
right-pointing angle bracket &rang; &#9002;
lozenge &loz; &#9674;
spade card suit &spades; &#9824;
club card suit &clubs; &#9827;
heart card suit &hearts; &#9829;
diamond card suit &diams; &#9830;